Alternative Terms: -

(Usually) chronic disease of the heart muscle without cardiac circulatory disorders; the heart muscle loses the ability to pump blood effectively. There are different types:
1. hypertrophic (obstructive) C., with enlargement of the muscle mass of the heart
2. dilated C., the heart cavity is enlarged
3. restrictive C., reduction in the size of the heart cavity due to deposits on the myocardium

Author(s): Kinderherzstiftung, Prof. Dr. Elisabeth Sticker, Hermine Nock
Last updated: 2009-04-28