Facts and Numbers

Table 1: Group categories of paediatric cardiological pathological changes and findings after cardiac surgery(1)

Table 2: Classification of fitness to exercise(2)

SeverityCategory (3)Recommendation of Exercise
0Cardiac defects requiring surgery0No sport
ANo (remaining) cardiac defects 1.1 Unlimited
BMild (remaining) findings 1.2; 2.1 – 2.4; 4.2 Unlimited
CClinically significant (remaining) findings 1.3; 5.1 – 5.3 No competitive sport
DSevere (remaining) findings 1.4 (a, b); 3; 4.1; 5.4 (6*) Limited sport
ELife threatening findingsNo sport


(1) Schickendantz S, Sticker EJ, Dordel S, Bjarnason-Wehrens.. Sport and physical activity in children with congenital heart disease. Deutsches Ärzteblatt 2007; 104: A563–69 Available at: xn--rztestellen-k8a.com/int/article.asp, p.566.

(2) Schickendantz S, Sticker EJ, Dordel S, Bjarnason-Wehrens. Sport and Physical Activity in Children with Congenital Heart Disease. Deutsches Ärzteblatt 2007; 104: A563–69, here: p. 567. Available at: xn--rztestellen-k8a.com/int/article.asp